The United Nations fears that by 2050, more than 500 million people in the world could face a water crisis. According to a new report from the agency, the level of water stored in the surface of snow and ice has decreased by one centimeter per year for the last 20 years.
A recent report by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) under the auspices of the United Nations titled ‘The State of Climate Services 2021: Water’ has raised these concerns. State leaders have also been asked to discuss at a forthcoming conference on climate change on how to overcome this problem.
The UN Summit on COP-28 will be held in Glasgow, UK from October 31 to November 12.
According to the report, global warming is causing the water level to drop alarmingly due to the rapid rate of climate change. Which has come to the fore in the last 20 years. The surface, just below the surface, ice and snow levels have dropped at a rate never before seen in the last two decades. In the last 20 years, the water level has been falling by 1 cm per year.
And 360 crore people in the world have felt that in 2017 alone. They did not get any water for one month in a year.
More than 500 crore people in the world will face an extreme water crisis after 2050 if various countries do not take immediate action to deal with the situation. Extreme water crises will occur in the western part of North and South America, the Mediterranean, North and South Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, East Asia and South Asia. Southeastern Australia will also suffer.
The head of the WMO, Petrie Talas, said Antarctica and Greenland had the lowest water levels. Even in densely populated areas around the world, falling water levels have become a cause for concern. This is even more worrying because only 0.5 percent of the world’s total stored water is usable. It is not possible to use the rest. That water is very deep.
The WMO report also said that the number of natural disasters caused by floods has increased by 134 percent in the last 20 years compared to the previous two decades.
According to the report, the severity and duration of the drought has increased by 30 percent in the last 20 years compared to the previous two decades. The drought has hit African countries hardest.
Source: The Washington Post.